New good sense you to definitely believers alive actual should lead them to a keen empathic concern for those becoming mistreated (the direct area off 13:3), and is also together with with their authorities which they award otherwise dishonor wedding
However, the newest ideas ones whom, knowing the brand new divine wisdom, honor relationships and keep the marriage bed undefiled, might possibly be named an operate out of gratitude to have choosing the new long lasting empire and you will a great reverent providing off appropriate worship to God. In addition to this conceptual relationship between thirteen:4 and you will -30, a general parallel of your hortatory couplet out of thirteen:cuatro (marriage) towards the almost every other pairs out of exhortations inside the 13:1-dos (hospitality), step 3 (sympathy of these for the prison and you can abused), and you may 5 (money) should be suggested. Training these hortatory couplets into historic disease of one’s quick audience out of Hebrews at heart, Koester contends that people who show hospitality provide visitors to their home (13:2)», and the ones strangers is prospective agents out-of marriage bed defilement when it comes to those land.
More over, imprisonment out-of a partner left one other spouse versus marital company for an indefinite period (13:3)». If exhortation off 13:cuatro try read with this potential factors planned, brand new honor and purity regarding relationships was elevated significantly more than one circumstantial you would like or urge, just like the intellectual provided to possess instance prize and you may love concentrates on Gods action and never on individual items. Actually, the significant divine reaction (judgment) facing those who dishonor and defile marriage gives an idea of the latest exceptional worthy of () one to wedding have in the vision away from Jesus. In the end, it is notable that the last Greek term throughout the hortatory couplet on the prison/mistreatment, till the pair of exhortations on the marriage in thirteen:cuatro, is actually body (, 13:3).
Indeed, body is a fitting identity on the transition throughout the exhortation in the mistreatment with the you to regarding the relationships. Into the thirteen:step three, the human body are explicitly the concrete target out-of mistreatment, in thirteen:cuatro your body are implicitly the fresh concrete agent out-of potential marital dishonor and you can defilement.
In the event that Zion is actually an allusion into divine kingship33, the theory that believers came to Mount Zion are consistent in doing what in that they are acquiring an empire
This particular article tried to delineate the fresh new conception from wedding throughout the framework of your theology away from Hebrews. That it test implemented three procedures: (1) it depicted the conceptual traces of one’s changeover out of part several so you’re able to chapter thirteen, hence highlights the theological tone out-of Hebrews; (2) they browsed the newest conceptual mini-build off 13:1-six due to the fact instantaneous framework in which relationships try mentioned; and you will (3) it delineated how concept of matrimony inside the 13:4 is actually linked to the two earlier steps, showing the way they up-date the notion of wedding because verse, particularly in terms of a mindset of praise so you’re able to Goodness and you will the fresh new acknowledgment of the future divine judgment. verall, marriage into the Hebrews isn’t an isolated concept just mentioned with each other along with other notions with no associations on the ideas developed in the brand new epistle. Alternatively, good theological reading regarding -13:6 will bring a wealthy perspective to the comprehension of relationships during the Hebrews, that training reveals contacts and you can implications that are not immediately evident from inside the a straightforward understanding from thirteen:cuatro
Subsequently, Wedderburn underlines distinctions off language. He brings listing out of terminology in section 13 that appear for the very first time for the Hebrews, terms within the chapters 1-several that do not are available in section 13, and you will terms within the section thirteen that aren’t found in chapters 1-12 but that will be synonymous off terminology that seem during the sections 1-128. Meanwhile, Wedderburn recognizes situations from get in touch with anywhere between sections step 1-several and you will part 139. Ultimately, he shows that sections step 1-a dozen and section 13 have been written by additional article writers (that would explain the differences between these types of texts), nevertheless the writer of chapter 13 typed that it chapter after, along with the stuff out-of sections step 1-several in mind (which could explain the things off contact anywhere between these messages). As an improvement from writing implies more receiver and you can purposes, Wedderburn argues you to chapters 1-several and you may chapter 13 can not be just blended on one to unified whole»ten.
Although not, how will be the details from view and you may empire relevant? Obviously the solution initiate into the -23. Predicated on this type of passages, the audience regarding Hebrews has arrived to help you Mount Zion also to the city of living Jesus, the latest heavenly Jerusalem», and to God, the new court of all»thirty-two. In the two cases, the fresh new divine empire is already an actuality to possess believers, regardless if v. Still, why is God called legal within context, rather than queen? In fact, in many locations in the Hebrews Goodness was represented while the king during the His throne (1:8; 4:16; 8:1; 12:2), that have Christ resting within His right hand (1:step 3, 13; 8:1; ; 12:2).
Just what increases it picture is that around not stays a compromise out-of sins» regarding individual. Predicated on , the fresh punishment of previous believer try earned as the guy/she’s trampled less than foot (verb ) this new Man of Goodness» and you will considered dirty the blood of the covenant whereby he was sanctified» (nasb)37. It statement have two first implications: (1) the former believer has actually invalidated new priestly performs which enables him/the is alt gratis lady, underneath the conditions of one’s the fresh new covenant, to get the latest guaranteed inheritance/this new kingdom and to worship Jesus in an acceptable way; and you can (2) evaluating which have 1:3 and you may , in which Christ is looking forward to their foes be manufactured a great footstool to have his ft, the former believer are treating Christ due to the fact adversary from the trampling Your significantly less than legs.
While doing so, the connection regarding stop 2 that have Goodness does not be a consequence of various other passage in chapter 13, but seems already throughout the comments that provides determination having heeding this new exhortations»47. A lot more truthfully, right perceptions towards relationships and cash are passionate because of the certain divine procedures, wisdom (expressed of the verb ) and provision/help (shown from the a few comments regarding ot48) respectively. The initial step are bad, because relates to divine condemnation. The next you’re self-confident, as it identifies divine help. Concerning your self-confident divine action from let, mcdougal from Hebrews prompts believers as convinced (shown of the participial variety of brand new verb ) regarding the Gods action, and this excludes the fear (indicated because of the verb ) away from peoples providers (13:6). It’s notable that verb is used in another context to help you depict the faith () of Moses mothers as well as Moses himself, while they failed to concern this new kings edict () along with his outrage (), correspondingly.